Camera Buyer’s Guide – Types of Lenses for DSLR Cameras

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Camera Buyer’s Guide – Types of Lenses for DSLR Cameras

Introduction to DSLR

You have bought a new DSLR, and you are all set to step into a photographer’s shoes. When you see impeccable snaps and wish to capture images with the same quality, you must know that the type of camera body and lens play a major role. Since you have bought a DSLR camera, along with the kit lens, we must tell you that your journey has just begun.

To be a professional photographer, you have to equip yourself with lenses other than the kit lens. Now, the question arises how to buy a camera lens? To clear this confusion, we have prepared a detailed guide on the type of lens for DSLR cameras. Check this out.

Primary Aspects for Consideration

The selection of a camera lens is dependent on these aspects:

  • Focal Length

The focal length of the lens is measured in millimeters (mm). The angle of view of depicts the area coverage by the lens. A lens with a lower focal length will cover a wider angle of view and vice versa. The lenses with a fixed value are known as Prime Lens while lenses with two values are known as Zoom lenses (for example, 18-55 mm lens).

Now, the actual focal length, or equivalent focal length, is not the mentioned one. The equivalent focal length is dependent on the size of the sensor. For example, if you are using an APS-C lens, the equivalent focal length of 16 mm will be 24 mm (16×1.5). But for a full frame sensor, the equivalent focal length will be same as 16 mm (16×1). These values, 1 and 1.5, are known as crop factor.

Recommended: Best DSLR Cameras under 35000-40000.

 

  • Aperture

An optimum aperture is necessary to click sharp images, and up to a certain limit, it controls the exposure to the light as well. The value of an aperture is denoted as F4, f/4, 1:4, and so on. A smaller lower value indicates maximum aperture value and maximum exposure to the light. Hence, low aperture settings are suitable low-light conditions. Moreover, a larger aperture means the shorter depth of field (sharpness in the image, in front and behind the point of focus).

For example, f/2.8 indicates large aperture that will produce a short depth of field. Moreover, this aperture value is suitable for shooting in low light conditions as well, such as inside a room or during sunset.

  • Lens Mount

Let’s assume you own a Canon DSLR, and you want to purchase a lens for the same. In this case, you can purchase Canon EF, EF-S, or EF-M lenses; depending on the camera type. Similarly, different manufacturers have a specific lens mount. For example, this means you cannot use Nikon lens on a Canon camera.

However, certain manufacturers like Sigma and Tamron manufacture lenses that are compatible with multiple brands.

  • Image Stabilization

You must have captured shots in which the object looks blurred. Although it can be corrected by adjusting the shutter speed, you need a good lens with image stabilization feature. This lens will be beneficial in reducing the destabilizing possibilities.

For objects placed at longer focal length or in low-light conditions, consider opting for lenses integrated with image stabilization technology.

  • Format Type

Now, APS-C and full frame sensors are two type of sensors used in DSLR’s. The size of the APS-C sensor is 24mm × 16mm, and that of full frame is 24mm × 36mm. Therefore, while purchasing lenses, you should consider lenses that are compatible with the format supported by your camera. The lenses designed for full-frame cameras are compatible with APS-C sensor cameras whereas APS-C lenses are not compatible with full-frame cameras.

  • Zoom versus Prime

While zoom lenses are flexible when it comes to altering the angle of view, they are large and bulky at the same time. So for outdoor shoots and landscapes, the zoom lens is a preferred choice.

But if you are looking for a compact lens that is capable of shooting in low light conditions, a prime lens is the ideal choice for you. A prime lens has larger apertures that facilitate sharper images at all times.

Conclusion

Based on these parameters, you can streamline your search for the perfect DSLR camera lens. These parameters will be beneficial in clearing your doubts regarding the world of lenses. Apart from these, your purpose and your budget are equally important while finalizing your purchase.

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Cool Photo Tricks for your Web Design & Performance

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Cool Photo Tricks for your Web Design & Performance

Using Photos in Web and how to maximize performance & quality

photo tricks

 

Increasing your websites overall web design quality and performance will ensure to impact user interaction on page. Creating a fast loading website that has a great web design is what the average web visitor is looking for. Providing visitors what they need will instantly bring great web satisfaction, thus, produce an overall positive web experience. Website photography is very popular in design. A company can look even more professional online by their web photo selection.

Ntw Designs, site: http://www.ntwdesigns.com/ is a web design company that also does brand identity creation and custom web designs, discover below the 3 cool photo tricks you can do to improve your websites web design and performance.

 

Ntw Designs Award Winning Design Methods: Photo Web Design and Performance

 

CSS Design Hover Effects. CSS effects are super light and creative. A simple mouse hover event can do a great job for bringing a great design effect for the user to interact with. Some cool effects on hover include image resize, image reshape, image color change, and image focus.Image Compression. HD images look amazing on a website, but they also affect the web performance. If an image is very heavy, it should always be compressed. This way, you can fit many images onto your website.

jQuery Image Animations. The one page web design is the best way to integrate animations on a website and prevent it from looking small or crammed up. The one page web design has enough room to create amazing and magical web design effects. jQuery is a syntax used for creating lightweight animations. Aside from CSS, a web designer can also create animations using jQuery. jQuery provides a web designer much more possibility when it comes to creating anything they imagine. A quick example would be custom animations for Holiday specials. Its October now and Halloween is coming up. Some spooky images and a jQuery lighting animations upon hover would do just the trick to place your visitors in the mood!

Website photography is very important. As mentioned above, web performance is also very important as it affects a website in many ways. Use the three ways provided above to improve your websites overall performance and at the same time, add some cool tricks to your web photography.

 

 

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Photo review and how to evaluate a photo

How to review your photos or pro photographer

Whether you are reviewing one of your own photographs or some one else’s, there are certain rules of thumb that should be followed. The steps below offer a step by step approach to reviewing photographs and possibly offering advice.

How to review your photos or pro photographer 

1. Categorize the piece to a particular type: portrait, landscape, nature, wildlife, action…etc. Yes there is a difference between nature and wildlife photography. The point is to narrow it down to a certain type. There are different expectations for different types.

2. Was lighting used effectively? Different lighting techniques are used for different types of photography. Is the shot too dark? Is there washout (whites are too bright)? Was indirect lighting used if it was a portrait? Direct lighting on portraits can flatten facial features.

3. Determine what the subject of the photograph is. Viewers should not have to guess what the subject is. If the subject is not clear then there is not much point in going very deep in the review.

4. Notice the techniques that were used to bring out the subject. Was a narrow depth of field used to blur the background and foreground while keeping the subject in focus? Was the subject moving during the shot? Were techniques used to show motion?

There are many techniques that can be used to bring attention to the subject. Are any particular techniques noticeable? Should a different technique have been used?

5. See if there is anything in the shot that unnecessarily distracts from the subject. Is there something in the background that draws your eye away from the subject? Photographers should make sure that there are no distractions in the viewfinder before releasing the shutter.

6. The final step in reviewing a photo is to develop a personal opinion. Do you like the picture? Why or why not? If it is your shot, what should you do differently next time… if anything? If it is someone else’s, would you have taken a different approach?

If someone wants you to review their photograph, do so. Give them your honest opinion, with constructive criticism if necessary.

The more photographs that you review the better prepared you will be for different photographic opportunities.

 

 

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Lighting is everything in photography | Photography Studio Lighting

Lighting is everything in photography | Photography Studio Lighting

“With the right photography studio lighting, proper filters, and back drops, anyone can make great studio shots.”

Lighting is everything in photography | Photography Studio Lighting

If you want to start a photography business for either portraits, advertising, or just if you want to do it as a hobby, you will need a good studio with the proper lighting to make your studio shots come out.

Lighting is very important. You cannot just use any kind of lighting for your studio. The one thing you need to realize when you set up your lights is that like heat, light is also measured in temperature.

No, lights do not measure in the same scale of temperature as heat or cold, in either Fahrenheit or Celsius, but Kalvin. Kalvin is the temperature scale that is used for measuring light. The Kalvin scale is different from the average Fahrenheit or Celsius scale. For example, Kalvin does not have a freezing mark, whereas with Fahrenheit measures freezing at 32 degrees and Celsius measures freezing at 0 degrees, likewise boiling at Celsius is 100 degrees and Fahrenheit 212 degrees. Kalvin is different. The Kalvin scale measures light by how cold or hot it is.

One thing that might confuse you with the Kalvin scale is that the colors that we usually associate as “warm tones” or “warm colors,” are actually the cooler colors on the Kalvin. The colors that are referred to as “cool tones,” on the other hand are hotter on the Kalvin scale.

For example, red and orange light normally ranges from 1000 to 4000 degrees Kalvin or 1000 to 4000K. Ideal studio lights are true white light, which simulates daylight would usually burn at 5500K. The hotter lights, which burn in a blue color range from 6000 to 7500K.

Color temperature is very important for photography studio lighting. Don’t think that your average 100 watt incandescent lightbulb will not work to provide the right lighting in your studio. This is because the color temperature of most of your average household incandescent lights burn at about 1000 to 3000K. This will give your photographs an over-dominating reddish tone.

Though you might like a nice warm tone for some of your photos,

I personally love warm tones, however, having an over-dominating reddish or orange tone is also not good and does not look professional.

Fluorescent lights of any kind should be avoided all together, even those so-called warm-tone fluorescent lights have too hot of a color temperature that will cause your photographs to have an awful over-dominating green tone that even some of the best color filters can’t eliminate entirely.

Lights Needed for Proper Photography Studio Lighting

Lighting is everything in photography | Photography Studio Lighting

There are two different types of lights that professional studio photographers use in their studios.

The best are halogen lights. Halogen lights are now the most commonly used studio lights because halogen lights burn at 5000 to 5400K which is as close to natural daylight that an artificial light can get.

There is also an incandescent studio lamp available as well. This lamp is known as a Tungsten lamp.

A Tungsten lightbulb is a lightbulb that has a special coating on the glass to minimize the warm tone coming out from the bulb. Most Tungsten lights are a minimum of 250 watts for studio uses.

The only thing you need to know about Tungsten lights is that because they are a high-grade incandescent light, they still burn cooler than a halogen lamp.

The average Tungsten light burns at about 2500 to 3000K, so you would need a corrective filter for your camera. Most cameras that are outfitted for photography studio lighting come with special Tungsten filters.

If you are using a basic 35mm SLR camera, you can get different sized filters for Tungsten lights or if you use the Kokin Filter System, you can save a lot of room in your filter storage area. This is because Kokin has a filter cash that has threaded rings that can screw onto your camera’s lens and the filters just slide into the rails on the filter cash.

A Tungsten filter is actually a slightly blue piece of glass which has just the right amount of blue to balance off the orange light given off by the Tungsten light. If you use a digital camera and do not have a Tungsten filter, you can always correct the color of your photograph on a professional photo editing program such as Photoshop or Aperture.

Halogen is a much better for photography studio lighting than the Tungsten light because with the color temperature being at 5000 to 5400K, this light gives the closest to natural daylight as possible. There are several different types of halogen lights available for your studio.

Many halogen lights are usually used in combination with a reflective umbrella or a special diffuser. Other halogen lights use barn doors to direct the light to the subject that is being photographed.

Umbrellas are usually used as either reflectors or diffusers. A reflector umbrella is mainly used in a studio as back lighting. For example, if you are doing a portrait, back lighting is used to highlight the hair or other accents of the person being photographed.

Usually the reflector umbrella light is positioned to the side of the subject and the halogen lamp faces the umbrella. The light from the lamp is reflected off of the umbrella and is shined towards the lit area in the studio.

A diffuser umbrella is actually a special umbrella that is placed in front of the lamp in order to diffuse the light and spread it out to fill the lit area. Usually the diffused light is used as the main lighting. Most of the diffused lights are set to flash as the camera takes the shot, since the diffusing material is rather thin and halogen lambs do give off a lot of heat.

Barn doors is another device used for directing light. Barn doors are these black metal flaps that are affixed to the studio lamp. The barn doors can be adjusted to direct the light to a certain direction and can basically make the studio lamp into a directional spotlight. These lights covered above provide the best photography studio lighting.

Anytime you want to make a good studio shot, be it portraits, advertising, etc., you need to know not only the basics of good photography and composition. Your photography studio lighting is just as important. Lighting is what makes the photo come out.

Photography Studio Lighting, Professional Photography Tips, Photography TipsStudio Lighting

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Photographers want to make money too| Making Money in Photography

Photographers want to make money too| Making Money in Photography

“You do not have to be a professional to start making money in photography”

Whether you are a beginner, hobbyist or professional photographer, it is possible to make money with your camera.

When most people start thinking about making money in photography, they commonly think that they have to set up a studio. While setting one up can eventually be very profitable, it requires much more overhead than just the camera equipment. There are building leases, advertisement, utility bills and more.

There are many more avenues to making money with photography that cost much less and are not as risky.

Photographers want to make money too| Making Money in Photography

Once Secret Ways of
Making Money in Photography

Insurance Documentation – Many insurance companies hire freelance photographers to photograph damages to a property or vehicle in order to better determine liabilities.

The best part about this avenue is that all you really need to know how to do is use a point and shoot camera, and the photographer usually gets paid per job as a subcontractor. The more shoots you are able to do, the more money you make.

Not very artistically challenging but very easy to do and offers good income even part time.

If you are interested in this route, John Carroll has written a great book that covers all the ins and outs of the business. To learn how to get started, who to contact, and read more about what his book offers, Click Here!

Stock Photography – For a bit more of a challenge, but also more competition, stock photography is becoming very popular.

Many companies, often online companies, require quality photographs that they can use and manipulate for advertisement purposes. Instead of hiring photographers they purchase these pictures from an online broker’s stock. These brokers host photos from many different photographers that specialize in different styles and techniques; they offer a one stop shop for the buying and selling large quantities of photographs.

The key to this game is quality, quantity, and knowing what the industry wants. It takes a while to get started making money in photography selling through brokers, but once the photos start selling the profits start to snowball.

The good thing about getting into selling stock photography through online brokers is the low initial investment and the encouragement of creativity. Some new photographers get frustrated because they do not see commissions soon. My advice is to be patient, research what the industry wants, and keep taking pictures.

Follow this link for more stock photography tips

eBay Product Photography – eBay is huge. Many prominent sellers are small mom and pop businesses. They go to yard sales to find good deals and then sell the product for more in the auctions. They extent of their photography experience is using that point and shoot camera that they take with them on vacations.

These sellers, and even small time sellers, and finding out that good product photography makes a huge difference in the final sale price… This is where you come in. It is easy to set up a controlled lighting environment for product photography. The great thing is that a light box or tent (controlled lighting environment) does not take up much space and can easily be set up in a garage or spare room.

This takes a little preparation and startup money for advertisement. I would start off with controlled lighting booths that cover three major areas: reflective metal objects, dolls and cloth, and wooden objects. The point is to have these different booths set up so that minimal lighting corrections will be needed. Practice shooting different items in each booth to get a general lighting arrangement and setting that pertains to the particular booth.

Once these are all set up and you have some nice example photos to show potential customers. Take some ads out in the paper or Thrifty Nickel. It can be pretty basic:

“eBay Product Photographer – Make more in the auctions with a professional product photo.” (then give contact info and general pricing).

After doing it for a while, setting up and taking the shot should only take about 5 minutes and you can easily charge $5 to $10 per shot (you want to make your money in quantity). This is great for a part time business and can even become a full time gig in medium to large cities.
I hope that this has opened your perception up to different ways of making money in photography. If a studio is still what you want, the ideas above can be very helpful in generating some startup capital.

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How to Sell Photos for photographers

How to Sell Photos

“Knowledge on how to sell photos becomes an important ingredient in fulfilling people’s thirst and enthusiasm for photography as a secondary income.”

Taking interesting photographs is generally enjoyable for the avid follower committed to his work. This is the easy part and if researched well according to current needs of buyers, offers great benefits both creatively and socially. The formula for success is as simple as the one, two and three steps required in achieving the benefits that come out of that very effort in perfecting the craft.

How to sell the photos becomes an art in it self, which determines success in continuing the passion and returns in the longer term. Photographers traditionally like the technology behind their images. For this very reason alone making money from the work is important, in supporting purchases of the latest cameras and software upgrades.

How to Sell Photos with Positive Results

The most important step to launch your work, are the reasons behind why you take the photographs in the first place. This takes a commitment in research to see who buys images and the hot topics in demand that suit your style. Finding out what types of images sell and tailoring your shooting habits around it is a fundamental must.

It is also an ongoing call for action to always be ahead of the “in need images” at a future date, so that time behind the camera is efficient, timely and productive. After reviewing the buyers out there and images required, study the business behind that need. It may be an advertising agency, magazine publication, online stock agency or other typical buyer of photography looking to promote a product, business or popular trend.

Also think seasonally so that images in your bank are produced in good time and not past last minute printing dates. This is especially so in the case of seasonal holiday promotions which can be planned for in advance. Finding out who pays what and the terms associated with that payment is a way of developing sound business sense.

The second step on how to sell photos is to decide which subject areas you are good with and of those, which fall out of your experience or comfort level. Never be afraid to admit your technical limitations or lack of interest in a particular topic. Equally important is to find out where your interest really lies. Don’t take images that serve of little interest to you, as the results will lack imagination and reflect in their delivery.

Also remember that by concentrating on images in short supply greater kudos will elevate your stature as a niche player, who understands the trends of buying habits. The final step in finding out how to sell photos comes from exploring online avenues of income, as well as traditional approaches to selected companies. The greatest success leads from exposure to a wide customer base of buyers. In this area the stock library route is by far the best way to expose the market to your work, while at the same time maximizing success in selling your images.

An online stock library will provide advice and guidance on submitting work and at the same time offer security of copyright. They will also protect the photographer’s best interests by bringing your work to the right markets and influential decision makers. In most cases it would be impossible to match their diverse client base built up through focused marketing dollars. Access to the wealth of technical information that they have invested in their storage technology will also be very helpful. Whichever way you choose to sell your images always believe in your achievement and look at the long term when collecting income on work submitted. It can be a waiting game guided completely by your knowledge and understanding of the marketplace.

The more you know how to sell your photos, the better chance you have of making a longer lasting future in the business. Anybody can make money from his or her photography. All you have to do is find out how to sell photos successfully and join the fraternity of people who benefit from the fruits of their labor.

How to Sell Photos, Professional Photography Tips or Photography Tips

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Photography tips for beginners – Shoot Outside of the Box, be a Pro

Photography tips for beginners – Shoot Outside of the Box, be a Pro

 

Enter Portrait photo contest

 

Most people assume that beautiful pictures are taken by great photographers with very good, very expensive photography equipment. While that may be true most of the time, it is not true all of the time. Beautiful pictures can be turned out by nearly anyone with a camera, expensive or not, with a little forethought. In fact, thinking before you snap might be the main key to creating that master piece to hang on the wall.

 

Here are some things to remember when taking photos:

1. Move in Closer

Once you see the shot, before you hit the shutter, move in closer. Cut out the background distractions. In other words, if you’re looking at a sleeping puppy, for instance, fill your viewfinder with the puppy. Cut out what’s behind it or next to it. Move in until the sleeping puppy fills your view from side to side.

2. Be Quick

This may take some practice, but learn to be quick, in case your subject moves or flies away or gets tired waiting for you to snap the shutter. Take the picture. Don’t worry about shooting too many shots. In this digital age, wasting film has become a thing of the past. Remember… see it… compose it… shoot it…

3. Composition is Important

A well composed picture is much more pleasing to the eye, so take a little time to balance your shot. Keep the horizon of the shot level. Crop out the extra stuff in the viewfinder. Move the subject around the frame. In other words, just because the vase is in the middle, doesn’t mean it has to be there in your photo. Move it off center for a more interesting shot.

4. Be Selective in Subject Matter

In order to take interesting and arresting shots it will be necessary to determine what really tickles your fancy. This will require shooting all kinds of subject matter until you figure this out about yourself. Once you find your passion, your art will follow. Finding ways to document the different aspects of your passion will take a lifetime. You will never run out of sunsets or cars, or people or landscapes, if that is what you are passionate about. Again, fill your viewfinder with your passion and leave the rest out.

5. Focus on Your Subject

Pay attention to your subject matter. Learn to blot out or to blur the background. You want to move the subject forward so that it dominates attention of those looking at the picture. Just like some artists paint the same subject over and over, it will be necessary to shoot the same subject over and over with different, shutter speeds, through different apertures or in different light. The subject might look better centered in the frame, or it might look better to one side or the other. Play around until you’re satisfied.

6. Playing Around with Shutter Speed

One of the greatest opportunities with photography, which is sometimes left out of beginning photography tips, is experimenting with shutter speed. Shutter speed allows you t speed up time or to slow down time. Using the shutter speed effectively is what controls the freeze frame moment. Using a slow shutter speed and a tripod can capture a time lapse event. While using a fast shutter can capture that split second event that the eye might miss. The important thing is to experiment and or play around. This is the way to learn what can happen.

7. Pay Attention to the Light

Now don’t go looking at the sun, but do look at how the light is playing around your subject. Is it an overcast day or is it blindingly bright. How to the shadows fall over your subject or are there any shadows at all? Is your subject squinting? Can you see your subject; meaning is the sun in front of or behind? Harsh light can bring out bold colors, while indirect light can make your focus soft. Paying attention to your light source is probably the number one for success when passing on beginning photography tips.

8. Watch the Weather

The sky can affect how your pictures come out. An overcast sky will mute your picture tones and wash out your sky and background. Sometimes black and white photography works better on an overcast day. If it’s sunny outside, then the sky is the limit. If your camera allows you to shoot through filters, then get a polarizer lens. This is the lens that pops out fluffy white clouds against deep blue skies.

9. Keep Settings Simple

In the beginning, it is best to stay with simple camera settings. Don’t just leave it in automatic and shoot. That can be sometimes frustrating while attempting to achieve a certain effect. Put your camera is semi automatic to allow for some adjustment and after you get better, put it in manual program to allow you total freedom over your settings. So start slow and grow, learning as you go along.

10. Go for It, Be Bold

Don’t worry about whether or not you’ve got the camera set on the correct settings. Take the shot and keep taking the shot until you’re satisfied with the picture. Don’t be afraid, timid or paralyzed by indecision. There is no such thing as politically incorrect in taking pictures.

 

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2430715

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Mastering Portrait Photography – Shooting Wow Pictures with your camera

Portrait Photography Tips – Shooting Wow Pictures

Enter Portrait photo contest

 

All budding photographers, as well as those who’ve been shooting for awhile, are all looking for the same thing. They want to shooting stunning photographs that capture the “wow” factor. It is not an easy thing to do, since beauty is in the eye of the beholder. However, it is not impossible and rather than following rules, sometimes it is necessary to break them. Be random and boldly follow your instincts to find that special picture that makes everyone stop and take notice.

1. Change the Perspective

Nearly all portraits are taken with the camera at eye level. Change the perspective by changing the angle from which you’re shooting. Get up high over your subject for one effect. From that vantage you may see an even more interesting aspect. Experiment with your composition.

2. Play with the Eyes

Eye contact or the direction in which the eyes are gazing heavily affects the effect of the portrait. Looking directly into the camera isn’t always the most interesting way to shoot someone. It may be more intriguing to have the subject look off to the side, drawing those who look at the shot to wonder what’s there, off camera, unseen. But be careful how you do this, because drawing the viewer’s eyes to the side also takes their eyes off your subject.

3. Staying Focused within the Frame

In other words, have your subject holding an object, like a woman holding a baby, or a child holding a toy keeps the viewers eyes focused inside the frame and on the subjects. It creates a second point of interest and helps to create a story within the frame with the subject.

4. Composition Rules

Composition rules as listed in portrait photography tips, are made to be followed and broken. The rules are great to know and to use, but stretching them, or pushing to the outer limits makes for more interesting portrait art. Learn the rules, get comfortable using them, then learn to break them in order to achieve a more eye catching result.

5. Experiment with Lighting

The possibilities are endless with lighting. You are hindered only by your imagination and ability to be creative. There is no good and bad. So go ahead and play with the lighting. You might surprise yourself. Sidelight, back-light, silhouette, the possibilities are infinite.

6. Make Subject Move

Interesting portraits happen when you take the subject out of his or her comfort zone. Make them move. Put them in clothing or in a setting where you wouldn’t ordinarily find them. Surround them with stuff that says who they are, but make them react differently to it. For instance, put them in business attire in an office, but have them jump up and down or read a book upside down. Again, be creative.

7. Don’t Stage the Photo

Shooting candid shots are better than posing the subject. People, and kids in particular tend to tense up and hide rather than reveal their personality when the picture is staged and they are required to pose. Photograph your subjects while they work or kids while they play. Try to catch them reacting naturally to their environment.

8. Using Props

Enhance your shot by creating another point of interest with a prop. For example, if you’re shooting a doctor, let them be wearing a stethoscope or holding a skull. Be careful not to let the prop dominate the picture, let it be part of the picture telling part of the story.

9. A Part of the Whole

Try focusing on a part of the whole, for instance, instead of shooting the head and shoulders of your subject, take a picture or two of their hands, or their back, or maybe even a shoulder with a special tattoo, keeping the face in shadow. Be dramatic and bold. Sometimes what is left out of the shot is as important as what is left in.

10. Variation on a Theme

Obscuring your subject in order to focus on one particular aspect works well too. In other words, shrouding a woman in a shawl leaving only her eyes visible and looking at the camera. Possibly making the shawl match the eyes of the subject making for a dramatic color statement.

The possibilities for taking creative and dramatic shots are limited only by your ability to think outside the box. Know the rules, know how to work them, then learn how to break them for a more creative effect. Finally, take a series of shots… not just one… shoot often and quick… sometimes, in order to get what you want.

 

Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Jonnie_Blaylock/218271

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How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

Landscape photos can be spectacular and are photos many of us aspire to creating well. So, how do you do it – well here are some tips.

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

 

 

  1. Understand How To Use Your Aperture Setting To Create Depth Of Field

    How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

Playing with the aperture setting on your camera can give you a variety of different results in your photos. One of the most effective ways to give your photos an artsy feeling is by using a small aperture setting to increase the depth of field in your photographs.

Reducing the aperture will allow a smaller amount of light into your camera. Because of that, you will typically need to increase your ISO setting to compensate. Alternatively, you can also lengthen the shutter speed so that the photograph is exposed for a longer period of time.

 

A shallow depth of field can give you some really unique results – especially in landscape photography.

 

 

 

  1. Keep It Steady With A Tripod

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

According to Samuel Burns of Samuel Burns Landscape Photography if you are using a slow shutter speed, you will need to keep your camera as steady as possible. Even a slight amount of movement can result in blurred images. A tripod is the best way to prevent any movement. You may want to use a remote to trigger your camera so that you don’t have to touch it while it is on the tripod. This can help keep your camera as still as possible while shooting.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Give Your Pictures A Purpose By Choosing A Well-Defined Focal Point

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

Sam says that without a clearly defined focal point, your photos can seem dull and lifeless. You need to give people something to focus on so that they spend more time looking at your photos and really absorbing their beauty.

 

Most natural landscapes have plenty of focal points to choose from. For instance, you could make the focal point a particularly unusual tree or a large boulder. You could even use something like a shadow or silhouette as a focal point if you want to get a little bit more creative.

 

To make a composition as effective as possible, consider framing the focal point in the image according to the rule of thirds.

 

  1. Add Interesting Items To The Foreground

 

Oftentimes, landscape photography is about capturing details in the distance. One way that you can set your photos apart is by placing interesting objects in the foreground of your shots. This can help draw the eye of the viewer further into your photo while at the same time giving your photographs a feeling of depth, suggests Sam.

 

  1. Use The Sky To Your Advantage

 

The sky usually plays a major role in landscape photography. You can choose how you want to incorporate the sky in your photo by deciding where you want to place your horizon line.

 

If the sky is particularly beautiful, you may want to make it a prominent feature of your shot by placing the horizon line lower down in your photo. On the other hand, if the sky is relatively plain or if it doesn’t have a lot going on, you may want to focus on the landscape itself instead by placing the horizon line higher.

 

You can also further enhance the look of your photos by playing with the contrast of the sky in a photo editor after you get back to your studio.

 

  1. Use Lines To Lead The Eye Of The Viewer

 

One of the most effective ways to lead the eye of the viewer is by incorporating lines into your shot. For instance, railroad tracks, a fence line, or other linear objects can do a fantastic job of drawing the eye in and creating a sense of depth in your photographs.

 

Lines can also be used to create patterns in your photos or to otherwise enhance your shots. Linear objects can even become the focal point of your shot, depending on how interesting they are to look at.

 

  1. Create Dramatic Shots With Motion

 

Typically, landscape photography is relatively passive in nature. Most shots are still and peaceful, with very little movement. Because of that, you can create photos that really stand out if you are willing to look for a way to incorporate motion into your shots.

 

You can create dynamic photographs by capturing the movement of nature. For instance, trees bending in the wind, waves crashing on the beach, or a flock of birds flying through the sky can all give your shot a sense of motion.

 

Lengthening the shutter speed is the best way to capture a sense of movement. To compensate for the longer exposure, you will need to reduce your aperture setting. Alternatively, you can shoot during periods of low light such as in the evening or early in the morning. You can even compensate for the longer shutter speed by using a filter to reduce the amount of light entering the camera.

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

How To Take Your Landscape Photography To The Next Level

 

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